–These classic kitchen layouts and styles can be a great starting point to reshaping your ideal cooking space. Make sure to consider your lifestyle, how many people you’re accommodating and ultimately, the food you love to cook and what that requires when dreaming of your new kitchen and creating a sanctuary that is specially made for you. [caption id="attachment_98556" align="alignnone" width="1170"] Wellington Hillside House by Patchwork Architecture.[/caption]
Header Image: Francis Apartment by Studio Weave Architects. Photography by Tom Ferguson.abc
Studio Takt added a north facing living pavilion to a dark, cramped 1950s brick bungalow in Illawarra, NSW, to open Exoskeleton House up to the northerly aspect and connect it to its landscape.Like any other buzzword in the books, house orientation and all its north, east, south and west derivatives were, once upon a time, professional jargon used only by those well-versed in the built environment. Today, thanks to its spread through word of mouth, the fact that house orientation means something important to us all is obvious. What it means and why it matters, however, is not so conspicuous. At least, until now; here’s what you need to know about house orientation and what all the fuss is about having a north facing house.
Why House Orientation MattersFundamentally, the orientation of a house determines its relationship with the sun. Also known as the centre of our universe, the sun – and our position in relation to it – has an enormous influence on the liveability of a house. That goes for liveability in the sense of comfort as well as health and wellbeing, with the sun being not only an abundant, natural source of light, warmth and solar energy, but also of the ever-precious disease-fighting, mood-boosting Vitamin D. In a nutshell: our world, quite literally, revolves around the sun.
Light House, designed by LAYAN, is an Alts & Ads a Victorian worker’s cottage in Melbourne that has a façade screen that enables the occupants to closely observe and live in harmony the rhythms of nature.With the habitability of our environment – built and natural – irrevocably at the whim of solar conditions, considering the house position in relation to the sun is of utmost importance when designing or buying a home. When house orientation is duly considered in residential design, the resulting home is specifically designed to provide the most comfortable living environment, year-round, while cultivating the positive wellbeing of inhabitants.
Benefits: House Orientation And Passive Solar DesignThe benefits of living in a well-orientated house or apartment are endless, for two keys reasons: temperature/climate management and energy efficiency. A core principle of passive solar design, a well-orientated house is essentially optimised to harness all of the sun’s bright, warm glory where and when its most valued – when it’s not too hot nor too bright, but just right – and shut it out when it’s not.
Cumulus Studio's brief for Midway Point House, in Tasmania, requested privacy from the street while also capturing northern sun, and to make the most of western views but minimise glare and heat gains / loss.
Solar Syncing: Sun Path Is Relative To Time And PlaceDetermined by earth’s dance around the solar system, time has an intrinsic correlation to the sun’s path in both the daily and seasonal sense. As such, sun’s path defines the length of daytime and the amount of daylight received along a certain latitude during a given season. When it comes to place, solar syncing is relative to climate, hemisphere and site topology. Just as with the seasons, the Northern Hemisphere and the Southern Hemisphere have yin and yang experiences of the sun path. For instance, a winter’s day in the Northern Hemisphere begins with the sun rising in the south east before travelling over the equator, in the southern horizon, and setting in the south west. On the flip side, in the Southern Hemisphere, the winter sun rises in the north east, journeys over the equator (in the northern horizon), before setting in the north west. Come summertime, the sunrise direction and sun path in each hemisphere is the same as the other's winter solar path.
What House Orientation Is Best?Taking all this into account, it’s safe to say that there is no ‘one-size-fits-all’ when it comes to the best house orientation. The yin and yang nature of the Earth’s Hemispheres alone tells us that whatever is deemed the best orientation in the North will be unfavourable for the antipodes of the South. And that’s not to mention the disparate demands of differing geographies and where they sit on the spectrum of polar to tropical climes.
Architect Daniel Hudson of Jackson Teece drastically reconfigured the plans of his own inner-city Brisbane home in order to create the considered and site-responsive north facing house it is today.Northerly Aspect In antipodean countries such as Australia and New Zealand, a north facing house is widely considered the most desirable, due to their fortuitous aspect in relation to the sun path. When the windows, main living areas and/or backyard of a home are north facing, these spaces will maximise natural light as the sun moves from east-to-west each day, all year round. This can make a huge difference during winter and in urban areas.
In order to make the most of this Melbourne residence’s blessed northerly aspect, Taylor Knights literally flipped the traditional layout of Fitzroy Terrace on its head.Eastern Aspect While east facing houses and apartments get to enjoy beautiful sunrises and full morning sun, it will all be over by noon. Summer mornings can be uncomfortably hot while winter evenings will call for heating early on, in lieu of receiving warmth from the afternoon sun. Southern Aspect In the Southern Hemisphere, south facing homes are notoriously deprived of sunlight – particularly in the winter, when the sun direction is coming from the north. Due to their lack of sunlight, south facing houses and apartments can be prone to condensation, mould and mildew. Western Aspect With the sun setting in the west, west facing houses and apartments can get glaring afternoon sun – most especially if reflected off of nearby water. Sun from a low angle (during rising and setting rather than at the peak of midday) can be especially hard to manage as most awnings/shade devices are designed to shade from above.
Architect Peter Besley gave Couldrey House, in Brisbane, a windowless west-facing street entry elevation built from off-white bricks to protect the house from the sun.abc
Ten years and many designs later, Ross Didier has continued with his commitment to authentic Australian design, with his latest release the Congo range of seating and tables, which you've no doubt been admiring throughout this piece. Designed within Australia, the charming range has kept local needs forefront, something international design often fails to do. Not only do individual Australian designs have the ability to persist, the support of local design ensures new and exciting options continue to flourish. And what could be better than that?Catapult Design catapultdesign.net.auabc
Basically consisting of a floor covered by a lead roof, balanced on a column held in place by a ground anchor, the Forest Pavilion is as unassuming as it it is charming.
Jägnefält Milton and Arup Berlin were able to create the Forest Pavilion due to newly instituted Swedish building regulations that allow structures smaller than 25 square metres to be built on one's own land with no government approval.
A polyurethane duvet gives shelter from the elements without entirely removing the natural connection the structure's design enables.
The lead roof will age together with the exposed wooden structure and flooring, so to to provide adequate cover while not removing the organic link to nature. The ground anchor does not only make it possible to have a single column, it also channels the rainwater over the chain and over the stone which binds the otherwise harmful lead particles.
This is smart design at its best. Wonderfully free flowing design and a connection with the natural world fuse together to create a work of design that is as unique as it is enticing.
The open floor plan and the absence of permanent walls make this design ideal for anything but the specific.
Jägnefält Milton jagnefaltmilton.se
Arup Berlin arup.comabc